India: Map/Geography

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The Republic of India is located in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country in the world and covers an area of 3.3 million square kilometers. Because of its size, India is less a country than a continent. By population it is the second most populous country in the world and has a population of about 1 billion people. India shares borders with Pakistan, China, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Afghanistan and has a coastline of 7,600 kilometres.

The capital city of India is New Delhi, which is located in the north of the country. New Delhi is part of Delhi, which has a population of about 14 million residents. Other huge cities are Mumbai (the former Bombay) or Chennai (the former Madras) or Kolkata (the former Calcutta).

During the middle of the second millenium, several European countries (including the Portuguese, French and English) colonised the Indian subcontinent. After 1857 most of the country was ruled by the British Empire. India gained independence from the British rule in 1947. After that it became the worlds largest democratic republic.

The major religion in India is the Hinduism, followed by the Islam at second place. Other widespread religions are Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. Major languages in India are Hindi, English and 17 other official languages.

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